The Olympic Games are here. Time to sit back relax, and get confused by the scores! How did Nadia score a perfect 10 in 1976, and Simone Biles just scored a 15.7. Well, the scoring system has changed a lot over the years. I will try to explain it as simply as I can to help make your olympic viewing a little less confusing.
There are two separate scores given to the athletes.
The “E” Score which stands for execution is like the old days when they scored it out of a ten. So technically, a gymnast can still get a perfect 10 for their execution. Each gymnast has a perfect 10 at the start of her routine. For every mistake, they receive a deduction. A small mistake would get a 0.1 deduction, a medium mistake gets a 0.3 deduction, large would be 0.5, and a fall would get a full 1.0 deduction. There are many other deductions, but this is the simple version.
The second score they receive is the “D” score, which stands for difficulty. There are 3 different categories that go into the “D” score for bars, beam, and floor:
-There are 5 skill requirements on each event which are worth 0.5 for the athlete. If they perform them all, that would add 2.5 to their “D” score.
-Next, Women add the value of their 8 most difficult skills(10 for the men). Each skill is assigned a value from “A” which is the easiest through “I” which is the hardest. An “A” skill adds 0.1 to their score, a “B” adds 0.2 to their score, “C” 0.3….up to “I” 0.9.
-Finally, gymnast can add bonuses of 0.1 or 0.2 to their score by connecting hard elements together.
Add these three up, and you get your total “D” Score.
So lets look at Simone Biles floor routine. She gets 2.5 for having all of her skill requirements, 4.3 when she adds her 8 hardest skills together, and 0.1 for a bonus connection. This gives her a total “D” score of 6.9. So, if Simone were to score a perfect 10 on her “E” score, we would add them together for a total of 16.9.
Vault is a little bit different. Each vault is given a specific “D” score so its a little easier. Add the “D” score to the “E” score and your done. So, Simone Biles will perform a Yurchenko Layout with a 2.5 twist (also called an Amanar). This vault is worth 6.3 for a “D” score. If she received a perfect 10 on her vault, she would get a total score of 16.3 (which is very possible for Simone).
Hope that helps everyone understand whats going on a little more!